To foster a sustainable working relationship between local government and slum dwellers in a bid to expedite the creation of an inclusive city.
The 2010 UN-Habitat forecast rates urbanisation in Africa as the highest in the world. By 2025, more than half of the African population will live in cities, including a significant number of the poor relocating from rural areas.
Established under the Memorandum of Understanding entered into by the United Cities and Local Governments of Africa, and Slum Dwellers International, the project seeks to encourage local government and community cooperation around issues of city planning and slum upgrading.
The project will address the urgent need to recognise that slums, informal settlements and their populations are part of the city and poor urban communities must be included in strategic decisions surrounding city planning and the provision of public services.
This project was shortlisted for the 'Guangzhou Award' in 2014 in the following category: Deserving Initiative. Learn more about the award.
Background and objectives
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. As one of the fastest developing cities in southern Africa, it is the centre of both commerce and government and has a growing population of urban poor living in slums and informal settlements.
Currently, a large and growing number of urban dwellers live in poverty as most African city development plans exclude slums and informal settlements. In almost all African cities, comprehensive information about slums and informal settlements are out dated or incomplete.
Addressing the need to enhance knowledge and data about informal settlements and slums, the project aims to provide community and government with the tools they need to better plan and manage their city in an inclusive manner.
The objectives of the project are:
improved availability of data and information for planning
enhanced capacity for slum upgrading for local authorities and communities.
knowledge management and sharing on slum upgrading.
establish social investment fund for urban poor communities
The lead agencies for the project are United Cities and Local Governments of Africa and Slum Dwellers International with significant resource support from Lusaka City Council.
Representatives from the informal settlements are involved in the process and have directly contributed to the preliminary operations, signing of the Memorandum Of Understanding, preparation of budget and monitoring and analysis of data collection.
Specific activities of the programme include:
engage urban poor communities to work with participating local authorities to develop inclusive cities.
map & enumerate all households in informal settlements and slums that are under threat of eviction and/or have been identified for upgrading.
increase public knowledge & information of urban poor informal settlements and slums
design and establish urban poor investment fund
The key tools used for data collection are community led enumerations and GIS mapping.
Financing and resources
The total budget allocation is $USD126,123 and is provided by:
- United Cities and Local Governments of Africa - international NGO, implementation partner and grant recipient
- Slum Dwellers International – international NGO and joint implementation partner
Other resources are provided by:
- People’s Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia – local NGO and implementation partner, provides technical assistance to the Zambia Homeless and Poor People’s Federation
- Zambia Homeless and Poor People’s Federation – local communities representative, responsible for community participation and the enumeration activities
Results and impacts
The project has brought about significant change including:
- inclusion of informal settlements in the city’s planning agenda (local/national)
- provision of accurate baseline information about the history, social and physical conditions in informal settlements and slums.
- increased communication between government and communities (local/national)
- the real lives and living condition of slum residents have been made visible (local/national)
- creation of service delivery strategies that directly addresses poverty (local/national)
The project is being assessed through the measurement of:
improvements in service delivery
progress in the creation of a national slum upgrading strategy
number of informal settlements legalised
number of community meetings arranged by Lusaka City Council addressing development issues
progress in the creation of an Urban Poor Investment Fund
People’s Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia together with the support of Slum Dwellers International continually monitors the effectiveness of the partnership between local government and the urban poor communities.
Barriers and challenges
The main challenges are:
obstacles surrounding community mobilisation and training
insufficient funds and irregular fund disbursement
All stake holders and the community representatives are working together to resolve issues as they arise.
Lessons learned and transferability
- Community participation has proven to be vital in the sustainability of this project and is key to any future partnerships between informal settlements and government.
- Transparency is critical to the success of any project. Subsequently, the project budget is shared with all relevant stakeholders.
- The project revealed communities work side by side with city officials provides a well-rounded approach to information gathering.
Lusaka, Zambia, Know Your City - A 2030 City Without Slums, Guangzhou Award, 2014